The PRAXIS II Special Education: Teaching Students with Mental Retardation Exam (0321) is taken by candidates interested in teaching mentally retarded students at any grade level. Fifty multiple choice questions: 39 questions cover delivery of services to mentally retarded students; 11 questions cover the issues affecting the learning process in mentally retarded students. Candidates have one hour to complete the exam.
The Service Delivery to Mentally Retarded Students section of the exam covers the learning environment; curriculum and instruction; programming; placement; assessment; professional roles; theoretical practices’ record-keeping; collaboration; classroom environment and management; information gathering expectations, rules, positive reinforcement and consistent adherence to structure; consequences; target behavior; antecedent identification; changes in behaviors; intervention; instructional models; lesson formats; teaching strategies; the affects of gender, cultural differences, and linguistic differences on learning; accessing, using and modifying assistive equipment; assessment and assessment adaption; IEP development; grading; mainstreaming; inclusion; social and healthcare service providers; professional organizations and literature; responsibility regarding neglect or abuse; supporting family advocacy and educating the community about mental retardation; and cognitive, sociological, psychodynamic, and medical delivery of services.
The Factors that Impact the Education of Mentally Retarded Students section of at the exam cover terminology tailored to the education of mentally retarded students, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, the American Association on Mental Retardation, the Council for Exceptional Children, other professional organizations; fundamental ideas (to include the role genetics, the environment, culture, and neurological factors play in mental retardation); classification of mental retardations (to include race, gender, range of severity, standardized testing issues); life skills (to include self-care, independence, sexuality, self-motivation); physical development; motor, interpersonal and communication skills; self-esteem; fear of change; learning deficits in memory; and abstract thinking and skills.