1. Which theory/theories of language acquisition emphasize(s) nature over nurture?
a. Relational frame theory
b. Generativist theories
c. Social interactionism
d. Emergentist theories
e. Empiricist theories
2. Which of the following is not a part of Chomsky’s transformational grammar?
a. Deep structure
b. Structural changes
c. Surface structure
d. Hidden assumptions
e. All of these are parts
3. MacWhinney’s Competition Model is a language development theory that is:
e. None of these
4. Since the 1980s, linguists and psychologists influenced by Piaget:
a. Have found interaction of nature and nurture as important
b. Have found the role of inherent structures more important
c. Have found the role of learning processes more important
d. Have found all of these to be equally important.
e. Have found none of these to be as important as other factors.
5. At approximately what age do children begin to give names to things?
a. Between birth and four months of age
b. Between four and six months of age
c. Between six months and one year old
d. Between one year and eighteen months
e. Between eighteen and 24 months of age
6. Which of the following observations does not support Chomsky’s theory?
a. Children learn from experience the probability that one word will follow another.
b. Children in different countries go through similar stages of language development.
c. Children overregularize irregular verbs without having heard any examples of this.
d. Children learn correct syntax in spite of parents’ inconsistency in correcting them.
e. Children invent unique languages in the absence of exposure to standard language.
7. A unit of sound is a:
8. The International Phonetic Alphabet symbol /?/ corresponds to:
a. The vowel sound in “book”
b. The vowel sound in “buck”
c. The vowel sound in “back”
d. The vowel sound in “beak”
e. The vowel sound in “beck”
9. The International Phonetic Alphabet symbol / ?/ represents the initial consonant sound in:
10. People in the southern United States tend to pronounce the words “pin” and “pen” the same way while people in the northern United States do not because:
a. Historically Southerners could not spell.
b. Nasality obscures similar vowel sounds.
c. Southern speech has fewer vowel sounds.
d. Southerners don’t know word meanings.
e. Of homophony with nasality in some dialect.