The PRAXIS II Special Education: Preschool/Early Childhood Exam (0690) is taken by candidates interested in teaching special education students through first grade. The exam contains 110 multiple choice questions: 28 questions cover Professional Practice, 21 questions cover Community and Family Aspects, 17 questions cover Service Planning and Delivery, 16 questions cover Assessment, Evaluation and Eligibility Criteria, 12 questions cover Disabling Conditions, 16 questions cover Human Growth and Development. Candidates have two hours to complete the exam.
The Professional Practice section of the exam covers community resources, mainstreaming, integration, transitioning, student placement, records management, research, ethical and philosophical issues, and litigation, legislation and ethical issues.
The Community and Family Aspects section of the exam covers family support systems, community resources, parent training, family involvement, and issues impacting families of disabled children.
The Service Planning and Delivery section of the exam covers case management services from birth to five years, service delivery systems, caregiver programs, individualized educational programs, and family service plans.
The Assessment; Evaluation and Eligibility Criteria section of the exam covers student environments, child and family assessment, diagnostic evaluations, service referrals, screening, and service implementation.
The Disabling Conditions section of the exam covers biological, genetic, environmental, nutritional, and medical causes of disability; traumatic brain injury; developmental delays; multiple disabilities; hearing, speech and language disabilities; visual impairments; emotional disabilities; learning disabilities, mental retardation, and physical impairments.
The Human Growth and Development section of the exam covers normal and abnormal childhood development from conception through age 6; normal and abnormal emotional, social, motor, physical, language, and cognitive development.