Praxis II Principles of Learning and Teaching: Grades K-6 Test Questions

1. Components of effective discipline plan may include:

A. Rules and incentives
B. Strict punishment
C. Unreasonable expectations
D. None of the above

2. Which of the following does not affect classroom communication?

A. Expectations
B. Class size
C. Classroom atmosphere
D. All of the above

3. Which of the following elements are important in student assessment?

A. Content and performance
B. Dress code
C. Attention to detail
D. All of the above

4. Children’s academic growth should be assessed because:

A. Problems can be diagnosed early
B. Grades are important
C. Children like to take tests
D. Schools can post high test scores

5. The main components of the Code of Ethics and Standard Practices for Texas Educators are:

A. Professional ethical conduct, practices and performance
B. Ethical conduct toward professional colleagues
C. Ethical conduct toward students
D. All of the above

6. Which of these general standards should be present in all language arts programs?

A. Use of print and non-print media
B. Teaching grammar and syntax rules
C. Reading fiction and non-fiction texts
D. All of the above

7. Which activity will not help motivate students?

A. Offer material interesting to the student
B. Build on previously acquired knowledge
C. Require memorization of many topics discussed
D. Encourage lively discussions

8. Characteristics of a high literacy home environment include:

A. Lots of reading material available
B. Happy home
C. Focus on decoding words
D. Limited vocabulary

9. Phonics is:

A. Analytical
B. Helps students sound out new words
C. Expands vocabulary
D. All of the above

10. The whole language approach to reading:

A. Is a systemized approach
B. Builds on previously acquired knowledge
C. Is structured
D. All of the above

11. The basics of math include:

A. Addition and division
B. Economics
C. Social Sciences
D. All of the above

12. Social Studies includes:

A. History and citizenship
B. Astronomy
C. Career education
D. All of the above

13. Safety in a science classroom includes:

A. Appropriate ventilation
B. Safety goggles
C. Written operating instructions for the equipment
D. All of the above

14. Which one of these is not a theme used in creative expression?

A. Universal
B. Broad
C. Comedic
D. Timely

15. Some health benefits of regular physical activity are:

A. Builds strong bones and controls weight
B. Makes you thin and pretty
C. Gives you something to do
D. All of the above

16. Characteristics that help create a child-centered middle school environment include:

A. Strict enforcement of rules
B. Gender and culture are incorporated into the curriculum
C. A grade-focused curriculum
D. All of the above

17. What effects can ignoring cultural influences on students’ ability and readiness to learn have?

A. Communication issues
B. Inhibits learning
C. Increases behavior problems
D. All of the above

18. Which characteristic is not part of adolescence?

A. Physical and hormonal changes occur
B. Shift in problem-solving abilities
C. Grows closer to parents
D. Develops strong friendships with peers

19. Some biological changes that occur during puberty are:

A. Rapid growth and mood swings
B. Higher energy levels
C. Decreased appetite
D. All of the above

20. Cognitive changes of early adolescence include:

A. Ability to run more quickly
B. Understanding hypothetical situations
C. Slower thinking
D. All of the above

21. Some behavior patterns that might lead to problems include:

A. Regular participation in dangerous activities
B. Trying on different personalities
C. Assessing themselves and their abilities
D. All of the above

22. Ways to handle behavior problems include:

A. Establish written expectations
B. Apply rules fairly and consistently
C. Offer choices
D. All of the above

23. A discipline plan should include:

A. Rules and incentives
B. No explanations
C. Strict punishment for disobedience
D. All of the above

24. Classroom communication methods may include the following:

A. Encourage participation
B. Are decided on by the teacher
C. Are independent of general curriculum
D. All of the above

25. What are some ways parents may respond to requests for involvement?

A. Eager to participate
B. Participate only when required
C. Avoid all involvement
D. All of the above

Praxis II Principles of Learning and Teaching: Grades K-6 Test Answer Key