Praxis II Principles of Learning and Teaching: Grades 5-9 (0623 and 5623) Test Questions

1. The educator’s code of ethics does not prohibit which of the following activities?
a. Interfering with the political rights of a colleague
b. Misrepresenting official district policies
c. Accepting gifts openly offered in appreciation of service
d. Revealing confidential student information without a lawful professional purpose or legal requirement

2. Which of the following statements best describes the type of education that the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 2004 (IDEA) requires for all students with identified emotional and learning disabilities?
a. A free and appropriate education, even in cases where the student has been suspended or expelled from school
b. An appropriate education, except in cases where the student’s behavior causes him or her to be expelled from school
c. A free education that is conducted outside of the general education classroom
d. An appropriate education that must be paid for by the student’s family

3. According to the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), which of the following is true?
a. Students of any age can refuse to disclose educational records to their parents
b. Parents of children under 18 can inspect and request amendments to their children’s educational records on demand
c. Teachers need written authorization from parents in order to disclose a student’s educational record a school official with a legitimate educational interest
d. Written authorization from parents is required before a school releases a student’s educational records to a school to which that student is transferring

4. Which of the following is typically the most effective way to state classroom rules?
a. Rules should be stated negatively (do not speak out of turn)
b. Rules should be stated positively (students will treat one another with respect)
c. Rules should be phrased politely (please don’t chew gum)
d. Rules should use detailed and specific language to describe what is prohibited (don’t hit, slap, kick, pinch, or shove other students)

5. In resolving behavior problems, a teacher should strive to be:
a. Consistent and judgmental
b. Consistent and objective
c. Patient and collaborative
d. Authoritative and judgmental

6. Which of the following strategies would foster students’ intrinsic motivation to learn?
a. Helping students to develop a personal connection to and interest in the material they’re learning
b. Emphasizing the rewards associated with academic success (recognition, a good job) and consequences associated with academic failure (shame, punishment by parents)
c. Both A and B
d. Neither A nor B

7. According to Jean Piaget’s four-stage theory of cognitive development, the distinction between people at the concrete operational stage (approximately 7-12 years of age) and the formal operational stage ( approximately 12-16 years of age) of development is that:
a. Unlike those at the concrete operational stage, those at the formal operational stage can think logically in concrete terms
b. Unlike those at the concrete operational stage, those at the formal operational stage are highly reliant on sensory and motor skills to learn
c. Those in the concrete operational stage are capable of abstract thought, while those at the formal operational stage can think only in concrete terms
d. Those in the concrete operational stage can think logically only with respect to concrete experiences, while those at the formal operational stage can reason in abstract and hypothetical terms

8. A teacher notes a significant gap between a student’s intelligence as determined by IQ testing and the student’s academic achievement. Which of the following might explain the student’s poor performance relative to his or her potential?
a. The student has a learning disability such as dyslexia or dyscalculia
b. The student is distracted by a family problem such as homelessness or divorce
c. The student is an immigrant and is not proficient in the English language
d. All of the above

9. As students enter adolescence, their social lives will most likely take on which of the following characteristics?
a. Desire to spend most of their time with immediate family members
b. Membership in a small social group that has a shared set of values and interests
c. Marked rise in insecurity resulting from increased threats of violence
d. Decreased interest in ethnic and cultural identity

10. A teacher assigns his seventh grade students to research their families’ cultural heritage by interviewing parents and grandparents. Which aspect of the students’ social development would this project most directly facilitate?
a. Identity formation
b. Ability to interact cooperatively with peers
c. Leadership skills
d. Tolerance for other cultures

Praxis II Principles of Learning and Teaching: Grades 5-9 (0623 and 5623) Test Answer Key