Praxis II Pre-Kindergarten Education (0531 and 5531) Test Questions

1. The teacher notices that a student’s attention in the classroom is decreased. The student seems restless and unable to concentrate. Which of the following may be the cause of this change in behavior?

a. The child is coming down with an illness, such as the flu
b. A problem has developed at home, such as divorce or abuse
c. The child has entered a period of rapid physical growth which distracts him or her from cognitive activity
d. All or any of the above

2. Which of the following is a symptom of an emotionally-neglected child?

a. Extreme focus on school activities, seeking self-esteem
b. Acts of jealousy or aggression toward other children
c. Cooperative attitude in the classroom and on the playground
d. Initiating social interaction with other students in the class at inappropriate times

3. Which of the following is an important aspect of allowing and encouraging children’s play?

a. Children need frequent opportunities to rest and relax
b. Play teaches children cooperation and sharing
c. Play encourages competition and opposition
d. Play time gives the teacher a much needed rest period

4. What personal benefits can a young child obtain from play?

a. Development of motor skills, such as hand-eye coordination
b. Development of personal interests
c. The ability to entertain himself or herself when alone
d. All of the above

5. Social development and cognitive development often progress together because

a. The more knowledge a child has, the more social he becomes
b. As children are developing physically, they lose interest in social interactions
c. Children develop the dexterity to show their cognitive development
d. All areas of development—physical, social, and cognitive—are interrelated

6. The concept of latent development is important for teachers because:

a. Teachers can be more patient with students if they understand their latency
b. Teachers can wait until a student demonstrates complete ability in a certain skill area
c. Teachers will be able to instruct the class as a whole group if they understand the stage at which everyone in the classroom is developing
d. Developing skills may give clues for the next stage of instruction a student will need

7. A flat or agitated expression coupled with incoherent speech is a major symptom of

a. Autism
b. Drug or alcohol abuse
c. Schizophrenia
d. Mental retardation

8. Which of the following actions are important for a teacher to do to create learning conditions for students with disabilities?

a. Use a child-centered approach to instruction
b. Help students identify their own learning needs
c. Structure learning experiences appropriate to the needs of the disabled student
d. All of the above

9. When a child begins to act violently, breaking things and quarreling with other students, teachers should see this change in behavior as a

a. Sign of mental retardation
b. Sign of emotional difficulties
c. Sign the child is becoming autistic
d. Sign the child is abusing drugs or alcohol

10. If a child exhibits loss in cognitive thinking, social behavior, and usual academic progress, the teacher should suspect that the child

a. May be developing schizophrenia
b. May be having emotional problems at home
c. May be epileptic
d. May be abusing drugs

Praxis II Pre-Kindergarten Education (0531 and 5531) Test Answer Key