The PRAXIS II Physics: Content Knowledge Exam (0265 and 5265) is taken by candidates interested in teaching middle- and secondary-school physics. The test is composed of 100 multiple choice questions. Calculators are not permitted for this exam.
The exam covers laboratory safety, data manipulation, science history, natural resources, disposable consumer products, energy production, instructional materials, equipment calibration, error analysis, drawing conclusions, scientific notation, measurement systems, and scientific theories.
The Modern Physics section of the exam covers the Michelson-Morley experiment, Lorenz transformations, de Broglie’s hypothesis, velocity, blackbody radiation, photoelectric effect, nuclear reactors, fusion, fission, decay, isotopes, electrons, neutrons, protons, isotopes, the hydrogen atom, binding energy, the Bohr model, and Rutherford scattering.
The Thermodynamics and Heat section of the exam covers kinetic, sound, electrical, nuclear, heat, chemical, and mechanical energy; equilibrium; volume; temperature and the laws of thermodynamics; the Carnot cycle; efficiency; spontaneity; irreversible and reversible processes; entropy; absolute zero; thermal expansion; thermocouples; kinetic molecular theory; vaporization; and fusion of heat.
The Waves and Optics section of the exam covers geometric optics, linear superposition, sound, waves, telescopes, microscopes, prisms, spherical and plane mirrors, thin lenses, fiber optics, Snell’s law, refraction, reflection, inference, beats, harmonics, air columns, pitch, loudness, the Doppler effect, polarization, resonance, natural frequencies, longitudinal and transverse waves, Rayleigh scattering, Snell’s law, transmission, and wavelength.
The Magnetism and Electricity section of the exam covers electromagnetic induction, currents, magnetic fields, electrical circuits, electrical fields, Faraday’s law, Lenz’s law, generators, Lorenz force law, Gauss’ law of magnetism, Bio-Savart law, Ampere’s law, semiconductors, conductors, insulators, sources of EMF, generators, batteries, Ohm’s law, inductance, series and parallel circuits, Kirchhoff’s rules, Coulomb’s law, Gauss’s law, electrical forces, conduction, induction, and electrical energy potential.
The Mechanics section of the exam covers Bernoulli’s principle, Archimedes’ principal, Pascal’s law, Kepler’s laws of orbits, areas and periods, and Newton’s law of orbital motion and universal gravitation, mass energy relationships, rotational kinetic energy, rigid body motion, torque, inertia, momentum, velocity, Hooke’s law, pendulums, oscillations, harmonic motion, rolling, static and kinetic friction, Galilean relativity, and vectors.