PRAXIS II Middle School Social Studies Exam (5089)

This exam is designed for individuals who would like to teach social studies at the middle school level. You will be given two hours to complete the 90 multiple choice questions and 3 short essay questions that comprise this exam. The test can be broken down into the following sections:
United States History – 22 questions
World History – 18 questions
Government/Civics – 17 questions
Geography – 17 questions
Economics – 16 questions

Topics for the three short essay questions are: United States history and how it relates to government and civics, the relationship between world history and geography and, U.S. history and its similarity to government and civics or; the relationship between world history and economics of government and civics.

Short Essay Questions
You will be asked to answer three short essay questions. The first question will cover the relationship between the government and United States history. The second question will cover the relationship between geography and world history. For the third question there are two options. The first option will cover the relationship between economics or geography and United States history. The second option will cover the relationship between government or economics and world history.

Economics
This section of the exam will assess your knowledge of micro economics and macro economics. The questions regarding macro economics will assess your knowledge of the Federal Reserve System, international finance, investment concepts, foreign-exchange markets, currency depreciation and appreciation, decrements of long term economic growth, international and national controversies, government spending and taxes, and federal and national budget deficits. Your knowledge of national income determination by the utilization of aggregate supply analysis and demand, the causes and consequences of inflation, the measurements and consequences of unemployment, and the gross’s domestic product (GDP) will also be assessed in this section of the exam. The questions regarding micro economics will assess your knowledge of income distribution, factor markets, monopolistic competition, monopoly, oligopoly, public policy and market failure. Your knowledge of the market influence of taxes, price floors, price ceilings, market shortages, market surpluses, the laws of supply and demand, pricing and competitive markets and, property rights and incentives will be assessed in this section of the exam. Questions regarding trade barriers, free-trade, comparative and absolute advantage, capitalism, socialism, mixed models, free market’s, unemployment, trade-offs, inefficiency, choice and scarcity, and the usage of production factors along will also be included in this section of the exam.

Geography
This section of the exam will assess your knowledge of regional geography, human geography, physical geography, map skills, and themes. Questions regarding regional geography will cover the geography of major world regions. Questions regarding human geography will cover population geography, political geography, economic geography, and cultural geography. The questions regarding physical geography will cover the impact of human beings on the environments, natural resources, vegetation, water, climate, and land forms. The map skills questions will require you to use a legend or key, and you will be asked to recognize spatial patterns, locate physical features, and calculate longitude, latitude, direction, and distance. The questions regarding themes will assess sure knowledge of trade, migration, movements, human environmental interactions, and the physical and human characteristics of a location.

Governments/Civics
This section of the exam will assess your knowledge of international relations, various forms of government, the United States political system, and basic political concepts. Questions regarding international relations will cover the power and function of international organizations such as the United Nations. Questions regarding other forms of governments will assess your knowledge of the form and structure of various types of government. Questions regarding the United States political system will cover individual and group political behavior, elections, the relationship between local, state, and federal governments and, operations that are established outside the Constitution. Questions regarding the powers and functions of the judicial, executive, and legislative branches of government, the constitutional foundation of United States government and, the basic structure and content of the United States Constitution, along with its interpretation will also be included in this section of the exam. Your knowledge of various political orientations, political concepts, political theory, and the need for government will be assessed.

World History
This section of the exam covers environmental and economic interdependence, human migration, political and economic ideologies, international organizations, rights movements, important battles, wars and documents, the Holocaust, industrialization, the slave trade the scientific revolution, changing borders, global cultural influences, prehistoric cultures, animal husbandry, agriculture, hunting and gathering.

American History
This section of the exam covers fundamental documents, laws and amendments; population growth and the westward expansion; battles and wars within and outside the US; the Great Depression, the New Deal and other economic changes; changes to the family unit; displacement of native peoples; slavery and abolition; the roles of beliefs, values, and religion on the culture.

Geography of North America: questions in this section of the exam will assess your knowledge of Native Americans, European exploration and colonization. Your knowledge of the growth and establishments of English colonies, colonization by European powers, major European explorers, and the results of their contact with Native Americans will be assessed. Questions concerning Native American tribes, and their economic, political, social, and cultural issues along with American weather patterns, rivers, lakes, and continents will be included in this section of the exam.

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