Praxis II Interdisciplinary Early Childhood Education (0023 and 5023) Test Questions

1. From birth to around two years old, children are in Piaget’s _______ stage(s) of cognitive development.

a. Concrete operations
b. Formal operations
c. Preoperational
d. Sensorimotor
e. Any of these

2. Which of the following is/are a substage(s) of Piaget’s sensorimotor cognitive developmental stage?

a. Primary circular reactions
b. Secondary circular reactions
c. Coordination of reactions
d. Tertiary circular reactions
e. All of these are included

3. According to Piaget’s theory of cognitive development, _______ and _______ are processes included in the overall process of _______.

a. Assimilation; accommodation; adaptation
b. Adaptation; assimilation; accommodation
c. Accommodation; adaptation; assimilation
d. Adaptation; accommodation; equilibrium
e. Accommodation; equilibrium; assimilation

4. Piaget coined the term “schema” to describe:

a. Mental constructs for individual objects.
b. Mental concepts of categories or classes.
c. Mental programs only for motor actions.
d. Mental ideas governing inborn reflexes.
e. Mental coordination of one’s reactions.

5. The concept of object permanence is best characterized as:

a. “Out of sight, out of mind.”
b. “Out of mind, out of sight.”
c. “Out of sight, still exists.”
d. “Out of sight, out of time.”
e. “Out of body experience.”

6. According to Piaget’s theory, in what age range do children begin representing things with symbols?

a. Between birth and 6 months
b. Between 6 and 12 months
c. Between 12 and 18 months
d. Between 18 and 24 months
e. Between 24 and 36 months

7. A toddler sees a large brown dog and says, “Moo!” This is an example of:

a. Egocentrism.
b. Equilibrium.
c. Accommodation.
d. Adaptation.
e. Assimilation.

8. According to Piaget’s theory, the term conservation means which of these?

a. The idea that our natural resources are finite and hence, we must conserve them
b. The idea that amounts/numbers can be retained or conserved in one’s memories
c. The idea that even when we cannot see an object, its existence is still conserved
d. The idea that toddlers conserve their own perspectives but cannot see another’s
e. The idea that amounts/numbers are the same regardless of shape or appearance

9. When a young child believes his/her thoughts caused something external to happen, which is the most specific Piagetian term to describe this phenomenon?

a. Animism
b. Centration
c. Egocentrism
d. Magical thinking
e. Concrete operations

10. Which of the following processes occurs earliest in children?

a. Inductive logic
b. Conservation
c. Centration
d. Decentration
e. Deductive logic

Praxis II Interdisciplinary Early Childhood Education (0023 and 5023) Test Answer Key