Praxis II Educational Leadership: Administration and Supervision (5411) Test Questions

1. Which of the following is NOT considered an instructional operating cost?

A. building maintenance
B. teacher training programs
C. curriculum development
D. media services

2. What is the primary reason for the recent surge in community interest in schools?

A. Increase in the number of “stay at home” parents
B. Lack of government funding for education
C. Increase in the number of single-parent families
D. Concerns about the American education system

3. What is the defining characteristic of an integrated curriculum?

A. Students of varying academic levels are instructed together.
B. The associations between disparate subjects are made explicit.
C. Students from a variety of socioeconomic backgrounds are combined.
D. The academic content presents information from a variety of cultural viewpoints.

4. Which of the following adjectives describes the best kind of punishment for students?

A. harsh
B. self-administered
C. cooperative
D. creative

5. Which of the following subjects does NOT need to be taught sequentially?

A. Language Arts
B. Algebra
C. American History
D. Economics

6. What concepts promote a fair and ethical learning environment?

A. Recognizing diversity and developing programs to help students understand diversity
B. Ignoring diversity
C. Using community resources
D. All of the above

7. Which actions help develop, implement and maintain a school’s culture?

A. School culture does not need to be maintained
B. Implementing teacher enrichment programs
C. Expecting students, teachers and parents to accept policies without discussion
D. All of the above

8. Credible community resources include:

A. Corporate mentoring programs
B. Community organizations offering counseling and emergency assistance
C. Food banks, job centers, police and fire departments
D. All of the above

9. Why is effective communication with the community important?

A. Everyone is impacted by the same social and economic influences
B. Education does not need the support of local business
C. Diversity affects the community
D. All of the above

10. Results from recognizing the importance of diversity in education may include:

A. Students from certain cultures are incapable of learning
B. Enables students to function in a complex society
C. Higher grades
D. All of the above

11. Who should be involved in strategic planning for the district?

A. Students
B. School board, teachers, and parents
C. Community leaders
D. All of the above

12. Critical elements that should be considered when planning the curriculum include:

A. Does it include the fundamentals?
B. Does the subject matter progress logically?
C. Does it recognize and respect the diversity of the community?
D. All of the above

13. Which step does not belong in an effective decision-making process?

A. Define the problem
B. Demand compliance without sufficient explanation
C. List options
D. Develop possible solutions

14. Professional development for teachers should:

A. Include most current methods, message and media
B. Be fun and enjoyable
C. Be completed in a short amount of time
D. Be developed by the Board of Education

15. Why should technology be incorporated into the learning environment?

A. It is fun for the students
B. It is an integral and powerful part of today’s world
C. Students love to use a computer
D. All of the above

16.Which of the following would NOT be part of an administrative budget?

A. purchase of new school buses
B. public relations expenses
C. data processing expenses
D. legal fees

17. Which theory of leadership asserts that leaders are endowed with specific psychological attributes that enable them to organize and administrate the work of others successfully?

A. social system theory
B. open system theory
C. classical theory
D. functional theory

18. Students who are not assessed because of disability or lack of English proficiency are often given a(n) _____.

A. behavioral survey
B. excluded student questionnaire
C. physical examination
D. deferral

19. What is the primary advantage of standardized testing?

A. It allows comparison with students from around the country.
B. The tests are easy to grade.
C. It is always error-free.
D. The tests are always written at an appropriate readability level.

20. Which of the following groups should have little or no influence over the development of a district policy statement?

A. school administrators
B. relevant professionals in the community
C. teachers
D. students

21. Which concepts best promote a fair and ethical learning environment?

A. Recognizing diversity and developing programs to help students understand diversity
B. Ignoring diversity
C. Using community resources
D. All of the above

22. Which actions help develop, implement and maintain district culture?

A. Research into current trends
B. Establishing written expectations
C. District culture does not need to be developed
D. All of the above

23. Credible community resources include:

A. Corporate mentoring programs
B. Community organizations offering counseling and emergency assistance
C. Food banks, job centers, police and fire departments
D. All of the above

24. Why is effective communication with the community important?

A. Everyone is impacted by the same social and economic influences
B. Education does not need the support of local business
C. Diversity affects the community
D. All of the above

25. Recognizing the importance of diversity in education produces what results?

A. Students from certain cultures are incapable of learning
B. Enables students to function in a complex society
C. Higher grades
D. All of the above

26. Some components of a well-planned budget are:

A. Personnel
B. Operating
C. Capital
D. All of the above

27. Environmental issues that could affect a school district include:

A. Condition of buildings
B. School districts are not affected by environmental issues
C. Endangered species of animals
D. All of the above

28. Who should be involved in strategic planning for the district?

A. Students
B. School board, teachers, and parents
C. Community leaders
D. All of the above

29. Elements that should not be considered when planning the curriculum include:

A. Does it include the fundamentals?
B. Does the subject matter progress logically?
C. Does it recognize and respect the diversity of the community?
D. Student prefernces

30. Which step does not belong in an effective decision-making process?

A. Define the problem
B. Demand compliance without sufficient explanation
C. List options
D. Develop possible solutions

31. A student who scores in the 75th percentile has scored better than what percentage of other students?

A. 24%
B. 25%
C. 75%
D. 76%

32. Which of the following is the best punishment for chronic truancy?

A. detention
B. suspension
C. corporal punishment
D. no punishment

33. Which educational philosophy asserts that schools need to return to the basic set of knowledge contained in the classics of human civilization?

A. existentialism
B. perennialism
C. postmodernism
D. reconstructionism

34. According to the NAEP, a student who has satisfactory performance in every assessed grade is classified as _____.

A. basic
B. moderate
C. advanced
D. proficient

35. Which of the following is NOT one of Drucker’s four major steps for developing a management by objectives (MBO) program?

A. developing comprehensive goals
B. fitting short-term objectives to long-term goals
C. establishing objectives for each position
D. attending leadership conferences

36. Standardized testing is considered a form of _____ assessment

A. continuous
B. formative
C. prospective
D. summative

37. Student participation in extracurricular activities at a school has declined markedly in recent years. What is the first step towards solving this problem?

A. Gathering information about the decline
B. Soliciting parent volunteers
C. Incentivizing participation
D. Reducing the number of extracurricular programs

38. Which of the following disciplinary issues requires the most care on the part of the school building leader?

A. Dress code
B. Smoking
C. Truancy
D. Interrupting teachers

39. In order to create collaborative relationships among staff, a school building leader should _____.

A. set benchmarks for employee performance.
B. promote respect and effective communication.
C. encourage teachers to resolve their differences without consulting administrators.
D. encourage teachers to participate in professional development programs.

40. Which of the following is the best strategy for promoting professional development among teachers?

A. Creating new professional development programs
B. Encouraging individual teachers to participate in development programs
C. Making professional development one of the areas of employee evaluation
D. Punishing teachers who fail to participate in development programs

41. Which amendment to the United States Constitution places control for schools in the hands of the state government?

A. Tenth
B. First
C. Third
D. Second

42. What is the most important personal quality to consider when hiring new members of a school district leadership team?

A. Mathematical reasoning
B. Punctuality
C. Communication skills
D. Familiarity with local issues

43. Which of the following schools of educational philosophy asserts that students should be encouraged to make positive social change?

A. Realist
B. Socialist
C. Idealist
D. Reconstructionist

44. What is the primary responsibility of a school district leader when a new science curriculum is introduced?

A. Maintain frequent communication with school leaders and teachers
B. Wait for assessment to indicate the success of the curriculum
C. Field questions from parents and teachers
D. The school district leader has no responsibility.

45. What is the most important practice for promoting excellence at all of the schools in a district?

A. Communicating effectively with building leaders
B. Incentivizing high performance
C. Visiting classrooms
D. Investing in technology

46. How many weeks of unpaid leave is an employee allowed upon the birth or adoption of a child?

A. 4
B. 6
C. 12
D. 20

47. If a school district is considering building a new state-of-the-art swimming facility, which of the following would be the most likely role of the district business leader?

A. Selling the idea to the taxpayers
B. Scouting locations for the facility
C. Meeting with high school swimming coaches
D. Examining the proposed budget for the facility

48. Which of the following best describes the appropriate reporting of financial information to school district leaders?

A. Regular and objective
B. Exhaustive
C. On-demand and comprehensive
D. Sporadic

49. Which of the following scenarios would require the quick creation of a tactical plan?

A. A sharp rise in the cost of gasoline for school buses
B. A decrease in the number of graduates from teaching programs
C. Declining test scores among middle school students
D. An increase in complaints from new teachers

50. What is the best solution for a school district that cannot afford to have information technology experts at every school?

A. Require IT experts to service multiple schools
B. Reduce the number of computers in schools
C. Ask for parent volunteers
D. Train teachers to solve basic IT problems

Praxis II Educational Leadership: Administration and Supervision Test Answer Key