Praxis II Education of Young Children Test Questions

1. A teacher asks her students to compare and contrast two animals they saw at the zoo. This is an example of what level of Bloom’s taxonomy?
a. Knowledge
b. Comprehension
c. Application
d. Analysis

2. Students studying fractions manipulate “fraction blocks,” blocks cut to represent fractional parts, to learn the concept of adding and subtracting fractions. Which level of development as described by Piaget does this activity demonstrate?
a. Sensory-motor stage
b. Pre-operational stage
c. Concrete operational stage
d. Formal operations stage

3. According to Kohlberg, at which developmental level do children understand that good behavior is expected?
a. Post-Conventional
b. Conventional
c. Pre-Conventional
d. Adolescent

4. Erikson’s stages of development include all of the following except
a. Young childhood
b. Middle adulthood
c. Adolescence
d. Late childhood

5. In Bronfenbrenner’s organization of child development, the family or classroom is considered a
a. Chronosystem
b. Microsystem
c. Macrosystem
d. Mesosystem

6. One of Vygotsky’s major contributions to the field of early childhood development is the concept of
a. Punishment/obedience
b. A taxonomy of learning skill levels
c. The importance of play as a learning activity
d. The formal operations stage of development

7. Which of the following is a component of the Constructivist learning theory?
a. Students, teachers, and classmates establish knowledge cooperatively every day
b. Students are taught to develop skills in problem solving and critical thinking
c. Children only learn language and culture through interaction with adults and other children
d. It is important to help the learner gain an understanding of how knowledge is constructed

8. Social and behavioral theories of learning stress the importance of
a. Good behavior on the part of students
b. The social interactions of students that aid or inhibit learning
c. A reward system for good behavior or growth in skills
d. The direct connection between thoughts and speech

9. A teacher becomes aware that a certain student’s family is in a crisis situation. What is his or her best course of action?
a. Counsel the child on how best to handle the situation at home
b. Contact the parents with a direct offer to help with their problems
c. Report the crisis situation to school or civil authorities
d. Attempt to deal with the student as well as possible despite the situation

10. Which of the following is the best way to assist children from families with limited incomes?
a. Lower expectations for these children’s achievements in the classroom
b. Cooperate with school administrators and public officials to provide such assistance as a free lunch program and/or some academic assistance
c. Counsel parents on ways to economize with their limited financial resources
d. Provide the best possible instruction without any need for intervention or public assistance

Praxis II Education of Young Children Test Answer Key