The PRAXIS II Early Childhood Education Exam (0020) is taken by candidates with a degree in Early Childhood Education interested in teaching students preschool through third grade. The test is comprised of 120 multiple choice questions mainly about children ages three through eight. Candidates have two hours to complete the exam.
The Cognitive Development section of the exam covers the perceptions of the physical world, hand and object manipulation, symbol identification, and logical reasoning.
The Language Development section of the exam covers listening skills, comprehension, oral language development, writing and spelling awareness development in young children.
The Physical Development section of the exam covers atypical and typical growth, fine and gross motor skills, health, and safety.
The Personal and Social Development section of the exam covers gender roles, stereotypes, learning styles, and self awareness.
The Recognition of Appropriate and Inappropriate Application of Developmental and Curriculum Theory section of the exam covers developmental and learning theory, curriculum models, Montessori, Head Start, Weikert, Bank Street, Emergent Literacy and other Early Childhood models.
The Planning and Implementing Curriculum section of the exam covers instructional approaches; curriculum development and implementation with consideration given to social, mathematical, scientific, language and physical/motor skill approaches; personal relationships in the classroom, and the learning environment.
The Evaluating and Reporting Student Progress and the Effectiveness of Instruction section of the exam covers formal and informal assessment selection and application, record keeping, and communication between teacher and parents.
The Understanding Professional and Legal Responsibilities section of the exam covers instructor responsibilities, communication among school educators and staff members, and legal mandates involving early childhood education.